Define: Personal Injury

by Author
Personal Injury

Personal injury refers to damage caused to a person’s physical or mental health. It is different from medical malpractice, which is the adverse treatment of a patient by a physician. This includes not only errors made in diagnosis or treatment but also the failure to recognize an error was made and any time that an act or omission exposes one person to another, such as in medical malpractice cases. One of the most common types of personal injuries is automobile accidents.

Personal injury is considered to be a tort, a civil wrong involving the breach of a legal duty or rights of another. Thus, the element of injury involves something going wrong with the plaintiff that he or she did not consent to, was not expected and usually has some kind of monetary value. The harm caused by the defendants’ (the defendants) wrongdoing is usually to the plaintiff’s property and right to security and most often involves a legal duty of care or responsibility. Personal injury law covers a wide range of situations which include accidents and work-related injuries, personal injury arising from the use of products or manufacturing defects, nursing home neglect and battery.

Who Is Protected By Personal Injury Law?

A Personal Injury Law protects any person or property from any type of wrongful act committed by others. The plaintiff will seek a remedy for the plaintiff’s damages, losses, and injuries he or she suffered as a result of the defendant’s negligence. The plaintiff can also file a claim for the family members of the deceased. Legal claims arising from wrongful death might be made by surviving spouses, children, parents and other close family members if the death resulted from another’s neglect or lack of care or from a wrongful act committed by another person or business entity.

The Wrongful death statute of some states requires the plaintiff to prove that the defendant’s wrongful act or acts caused the death of the deceased. The law in some states allows a victim’s family members to sue for wrongful death even if they are not named as beneficiaries in the victim’s will. In some instances, if a family member is suing for wrongful death, it might be wise for them to consider hiring an experienced wrongful death attorney.

Requirements For Filing A Lawsuit:

A personal injury lawyer will usually require a referral from a lawyer or doctor. A phone call to the defendant’s insurance company is another requirement. The insurance company will generally begin with an investigation of the facts and may attempt to negotiate a settlement with the plaintiff; however, if negotiation fails, they will file a lawsuit in court on behalf of their insured. For a personal injury case to be successful, the plaintiff will have to prove that the defendant breached a duty of care or responsibility owed to the plaintiff. The most common example of when this may have happened is when one person injures another in an auto accident. In these cases, there is usually an insurance policy in place which will cover the medical and legal costs if one party’s injury causes death or disability.

What Is Protected By Personal Injury Law?

1. Physical Or Bodily Injury: 

We are all used to seeing court cases where someone is hurt in an accident or even by another’s negligence. But the law of personal injury also covers some other areas and states that if a person should suffer any physical pain or suffering and resultant impairment of the usual and normal functions of daily living, then he has to prove that his health was injured by another person. This physical injury can be caused when either a doctor, a healthcare provider, or someone could be at fault.

2. Financial Injury: 

Also protected by personal injury is financial injury. This financial injury can be caused when either a doctor, healthcare provider, or a person could be at fault. Such injuries can result in serious or permanent loss of income because of one’s inability to work due to physical injuries as well as the costs of medical expenses. In order for you to be able to receive money awarded by the court, you will have to prove that your health was injured because of another person’s negligence and that the defendant was at fault.

3. Injury To Reputation: 

A person can also sue for damages to his reputation. An example of this would be when someone slanders a person by spreading false rumours about him. This may have a negative impact on the plaintiff’s employment, business partnerships, and social relationships. The law of personal injury can help the injured party in such cases. In order to prove that there was slander, you will have to prove that the defendant engaged in a wrongful act or omission with malice and without just cause or excuse.

4. Intentional Injury:

The law of personal injury also includes when someone is intentionally injured by another person. The intentional injury can be caused by a personal assault such as a beating, hitting, or stabbing, or it can also be caused by exposing them to criminal acts such as arson and theft. The most common example is when someone is shot by someone else during a holdup. The injured party will have to prove that the act with which he or she is being charged resulted from the negligence of another and that the defendant was at fault.


Personal injury law is a very delicate field of law. If you or your loved one is injured in an accident, it is important to consult with a personal injury lawyer as soon as possible. The insurance company might say that you’ll be fine and will tell you not to worry about medical costs or lost wages, but this isn’t always the case. An experienced personal injury lawyer can help you understand your rights and possible options for seeking financial compensation for your injuries.

Related Posts