What Are Industrial Automation And Its Types? 

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What Are Industrial Automation

Manufacturing is an important sector of the economy. Manufacturing may be the most important sector in countries like China and India. The manufacturing process involves many different equipment and machines to make products like cars, computers, TVs, etc. automation is a big part of the manufacturing process. 

Automation uses control systems for operating equipment to reduce the need for human work. This can improve productivity and efficiency, cut costs and reduce human errors. In manufacturing, automation can also be used to enhance quality through consistent output and increased reliability. 

Industrial automation (IA) uses automated equipment to control production and improve productivity. It uses sensors and actuators to monitor activity to provide feedback that a controller can use. The controller can adjust the speed or position of some machinery in response, changing how the process behaves.

IA involves using computers, machines, and software to control industrial processes such as assembly lines or fabrication machinery. It is used in many businesses, including manufacturing, automotive, semiconductor fabrication, food processing, and oil refining industries. Further, it can be used on assembly lines that produce high-volume products like cars or consumer goods.

The benefits of IA include: improving production efficiency, increasing productivity, mitigating risks related to human error in performing repetitive tasks and reducing costs associated with manual labor/training/safety equipment maintenance. 

Types Of Industrial Automation Systems

A few major types of automation are commonly used in manufacturing processes. These different types can be roughly broken down into three categories: fixed, programmable, and flexible automation.

Fixed automation

Fixed automation is the most basic form of IA. It involves a single control system, which controls a single process. The advantage of this type of fixed automation is that it’s simple to install and maintain because fewer components are involved. However, this form of IA is only appropriate for processes with simple operations that don’t require much customization or flexibility in their execution.

Programmable automation

Programmable automation allows more flexibility in controlling your machines. Programmable automation can control single or multiple machines and processes. The basic idea behind programmable automation is that a person controls the operation of the machine through programming rather than manually turning on and off switches, which saves time and allows you to have more control over what happens in your factory or plant.

Flexible automation

Flexible automation is the use of automation to perform multiple tasks. This type of automation can be used in various industries and is an excellent choice for companies that must adapt to changing conditions or requirements. 

Flexible automation systems are also more cost-effective than fixed automation systems, as they require less capital investment and allow users to scale up or down their operations anytime. In addition, it’s easier for a flexible system to be reused after its initial application has been completed; this is valuable because it reduces the amount of waste generated during disposal procedures, which helps keep operating costs low.


Industrial automation is a key component of any modern manufacturing process. It allows for greater efficiency and productivity, leading to higher profits for businesses, large or small. Industrial engineers are responsible for designing systems for IA applications, which includes everything from machine tools to assembly lines and factory floors. 

If you plan to automate your manufacturing process, the information given in this article might have helped you understand what IA is and how it works. 

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