Like all building and construction endeavors, aviation hangars have gone through a period of development to become the aircraft housing marvels they are today. Although the basic function of a good hangar is to provide protection for your plane against harm especially from natural elements, modern designs have included offices, repair shops and even living quarters. In addition, construction materials are stronger and more long-lasting.
Before hiring aircraft design and building service, you should consider several factors, including the size of your aircraft, the number of aircrafts and your budget among other factors. Keep in mind that the hangar should have enough door width and height for easy access and movement of supplies. In addition, it should have good lighting and proper heating to protect the aircraft from adverse weather conditions as well as enough room for servicing.
There are several types of aircraft hangar designs. Although you can freely combine the functions of a hangar into one, most of them come with different purposes. These include storage, maintenance, and T-hangars for accommodation of small aircrafts. Moreover, painting and de-icing hangars are important for more specialized protective and maintenance purposes.
Hangars designed for maintenance purposes vary according to the number and the types of aircrafts they are meant to accommodate. Moreover, the kind of repair and maintenance practices to be carried out should never be kept out of mind. In the end, the functions will have a great bearing on the actual size and shape of the hangar as well as the kind of facilities to be constructed including workshops.
“The most common function of storage hangars is to accommodate jet aircrafts, propellers, and several other smaller aircrafts,” said Tectonic Management Group, Inc. They may also be divided into various other commercial and non-commercial functions. Additionally, they must adhere to aviation authorities’ regulations including fire codes. They may also be used for aircraft repair and maintenance purposes.
Named after their T-shape, the hangars’ construction involves rows which are parallel, adjacent and interlocked. Like storage hangars, they are designed to house small aircrafts. They also do not have any additional facilities.
While minor aircraft paint jobs can be done from every hangar, a specialized one is required for a proper finish and coating. Painting hangars are fitted with ventilation as well as exhaust systems with aim of providing the most suitable environment for spray painting, stripping as well as paint decorations. Good airflow cannot be overlooked when it comes to ensuring the safety of personnel.
Included in the painting hangar is heating and air conditioning facilities. Additionally, it is sealed to prevent the entrance of dust and blockages of the door system. Remember, the type of aircrafts to be painted should be taken into consideration when designing the painting hangar.
Treatment and disposal of any waste from the painting work is of utmost importance in preventing contamination of the ground or the air. Paint particles or harmful gases should be removed through treatment of the exhaust air system. The process involves proper filtration by use of carbon filters or water scrubbers.
In areas where temperatures drop below the freezing point, the resultant icing may affect important aircraft control surfaces including horizontal and vertical stabilizers and ailerons. Further, the aircraft propeller or engine may be damaged by ice falling from the control surfaces. De-icing is, therefore, an important process especially when taking into account the safety of passengers.
Although de-icing can be done by simple application of the necessary fluids, there are several other options including roofless structures and enclosed ones. De-icing hangars facilitate better use of infrared systems or anti-ice fluids. In addition, better care of the environment is ensured by putting in place a system for control of any contamination. The good thing with de-icing hangars is the fact that they can be moved from one place to another. It is, therefore, easy to relocate them to a suitable part of the airport when not in use.
Remember, most hangar designs have a frame or arch construction with a rectangular footprint. Usually, they are 100m wide and come with an annexed structure. They also include control rooms, workshops, offices, staff housing as well as several important services aimed at providing the most suitable protective, repair and maintenance measures for the aircraft.